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10 tips for finding the right shoes

When shopping for shoes, you want to have more than fashion in mind — you’ll also want to consider function and keeping your feet in good shape. These 14  tips can help you choose the right shoes.

1. Take a tracing of your foot with you. Place any shoe you think you might buy on top of the tracing. If the shoe is narrower or shorter than the tracing, don’t even try it on.

2. Shop for shoes during the afternoon — your foot naturally expands with use during the day.

Top 18 Shoes Brands in the World

3. Wear the same type of socks to the store that you intend to wear with the shoes.

4. Have a salesperson measure both of your feet — and get measured every time you buy new shoes. Feet change with age, often growing larger and wider. If one foot is larger than the other, buy a size that fits the larger foot.

right shoe - shahpar shoes

5. Stand in the shoes. Press gently on the top of the shoe to make sure you have about a half-inch of space between your longest toe and the end of the shoe. This provides enough room for your foot to press forward as you walk. Wiggle your toes to make sure there’s enough room.

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6. Walk around in the shoes to determine how they feel. Is there enough room at the balls of the feet? Do the heels fit snugly, or do they pinch or slip off? Don’t rationalize that the shoes just need to be “broken in.” Find shoes that fit from the start.

7. Trust your own comfort level rather than a shoe’s size or description. Sizes vary between manufacturers. And no matter how comfortable an advertisement claims those shoes are, you’re the real judge.

right shoe - shahpar shoes

8. Pay attention to width as well as length. If the ball of your foot feels compressed in a particular shoe, ask if it comes in a wider size. Buying shoes that are a half-size bigger — but not any wider — won’t necessarily solve the problem.

9. Feel the inside of the shoes to see if they have any tags, seams, or other material that might irritate your foot.

9 Reasons Your Shoes Look Cheap

10. Examine the soles. Are they sturdy enough to provide protection from sharp objects? Do they provide any cushioning? Take note of how they feel as you walk around the shoe store. Try to walk on hard surfaces as well as carpet to see how the shoe feels on both.

Roman soldier footwear

In this article of Shahpar shoes , we are going to examine the shoes of Roman soldiers. Stay with us.

The Caligae

When first looking upon the Caligae, it is difficult to see how such a flimsy piece of footwear could have been so beneficial to the Roman soldier. It does not offer much in the way of protection and does not give the impression of being very sturdy when going over rough terrain.

Roman soldier footwear - shahpar

However, as with all things Roman, the design of the caligae was meant to be functional in many ways.
The openess of the caligae enabled the soldierto wear them all Roman soldier footwear – Caligaeday, to work, march, stand in them for long periods without discomfort. The leather strips were made so that they did not rub against certain parts fo the feet and so cause sores. When a soldier had been on a march of 25 miles, which was commonplace, he would have aching feet but no blisters. He could remove his caligae and dip his bare feet into the nearest river to cool them off, washing away the aches of the day. He was then refreshed and ready to continue.

Roman soldier footwear - shahpar                        Roman soldier footwear - shahpar
Roman soldier’s footwear – CaligaeThe underside of the caligae was fitted with studs that the soldier had to buy himself, they were not supplied by the army. Not only would they protect his feet over rough ground, but they also enabled him to use them in battle to stamp on fallen enemy warriors as his unit advanced into the opponent hordes.
This was effective as the Roman unit was at least ten rows deep, so any fallen enemy would probably have been severly injured, or dead, soon after falling in front of the Roman advance.

Calceus/Calcei

Roman soldier footwear - shahpar

By the late 1st century the army began to transition into an enclosed boot called calcei. They offered more protection and warmth than the caligae. They quickly became a staple in both Roman military and civilian dress. Calcei that the whole foot, as distinguished from sandals, or caligae — and were so much better in the wet and colder British climate. These calcei generally considered to be a center seamed or laced shoes with the separate inner and outer soles.

Boots

In armies throughout the ages, the marching boot has been a prized possession. Weapons will only be needed in times of war, but the boot is needed every single day. Command sends the soldier into awful terrain on a regular basis, for long periods of time, often to cover very large distances. Earlier legionaries wore the caligae, open sandal-like boots that had thick soles held together with hobnails

. From the late 1st century onwards the army began to equip itself with calcei, an enclosed boot more often used by civilian workers. This transition may reflect the fact that more recruits were coming from the northern frontiers, where enclosed boots are of great benefit, or it might reflect changes in the supply system, with legions turning to civilian sources for their footwear.

Whatever the reason, calcei were ubiquitous in the British provinces. At Vindolanda the wet conditions have preserved many examples of Roman footwear, civilian and military, adult and child. A great proportion (of all types) have hobnails hammered into the soles, a technique which binds the thick soles strongly together, which reduces wear and tear, and which gives an excellent grip akin to wearing modern football boots!

Roman soldier footwear - shahpar
Each calcei was made up of three major parts, an insole and an outer sole as well as one large upper. The flexible leather upper was curved around and then whip-stitched to the insole. After this, the outer sole was placed onto the bottom of the boot and hobnails were then hammered into the outer sole and bent over to bind the three pieces of leather together.

Individual calcei have been found that are held together with more than a hundred hobnails! The upper part of each boot is brought together and stitched up the front and again up the heel. There are other stages, too, such as building up a heel with extra layers of leather between the soles (no Roman boot has an exterior heel), and inserting internal toe and heel strengtheners.
Wearing Roman marching boots day after day in rough terrain made the author aware of some problems.

Best 10 Military Boots

Are you a member of the military who often complains that your government issued footwear underperforms or your feet hurt after a long day? Well, it’s no secret that a lot of military gear including boots is often not made to the standards that they should be.

That’s why so many military personnel elect to make their own boot purchases. But even then it’s possible to get a pair of combat boots that don’t meet your needs adequately.

How do you find the best military boots? Reading this article of Shapar will certainly help you with that.
Here we will review several pairs of what we feel are the best army boots.

We will also include a military boot buying guide. The best part is that you don’t even need to be an army member. Every outdoor, wilderness, and survival enthusiast will benefit from having a fine pair of army boots.
Here is what we feel are the best military boot buys you will find in the footwear marketplace:

1-Ryno Gear Combat Boots

Ryno Gear has an excellent reputation among military boot buyers and combat boot models like this one are the reason why. These military boots are priced right, solidly built and will give you long-lasting comfort when wearing them.

army boots - shahpar
What makes these Ryno Gear Combat Boots so comfortable when wearing them? It’s their outstanding features such as their CoolMax breathable lining, slip-resistant rubber soles, and their shock-absorbing midsoles.
These 8-inch highs over the ankle combat boots are made using a combination of leather and cut resistant nylon which makes them durable and helps keep them lightweight too.
Here is a combat boot that the manufacturer has a lot of confidence in that you will really be satisfied with it. That’s why they offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee and will even pay the return freight if you don’t like them.
Pros:
100% satisfaction guaranteed/Free returns
Leather/Ballistic nylon construction
CoolMax breathable lining
Slip-resistant rubber soles
Shock-absorbing midsoles
Each boot weighs approximately 1.5 lbs.
Cons:
Not total immersion waterproof
No safety toe

2-Reebok Work Duty Men’s Rapid Response 8″ Boot

Reebok Work Duty Men’s Rapid Response RB RB8894 8″ Tactical BootReebok may be best known for the sneakers they make but they make a high quality combat boot too.

This boot is lightweight and comfortable and very suitable for extended wear. This is a really great looking army boot too.

Military Boots - shahpar
This 7 1/2” high over the ankle boot offers some support for your ankles while still remaining flexible at the same time. Some of its better comfort features are its polyurethane cushioning insert and its innovative heel shock eliminator.
The Reebok Men’s Army Boot is one durable piece of footwear too, thanks to its combination of leather and nylon construction. It also features a safety rated composite toe and its specially designed rubber soles offer great stability and super traction under all different conditions.
Pros:
7 ½” high over the ankle style boot
Tough leather/textile construction
ASTM-rated safety composite toe
High traction rubber soles
polyurethane cushioning insert/heel shock eliminator
These boots weigh approximately 1.7 lbs. each
Cons:
Seem to run a ½ size small
Need some break in time

3-Garmont T8 Bifida Military Boot

GARMONT T8 BIFIDA TACTICAL BOOTGarmont is well-known for making high quality boot products and this military style boot from them is no exception. It’s well-designed, comfortable and even has a touch of good looks thrown in the mix.

Military Boots - shahpar
These AR 670-1 Compliant 8” over the ankle boots are comfortable due to such things as their excellent ventilation and their superior shock absorbing ability. Another outstanding feature that’s built into them is their stable and skid-resistant Vibram sole.
This boot is also known as being an excellent wet weather boot. It’s not 100% immersion waterproof but they are a combat boot that dries out very quickly after getting wet. They are one really tough and durable military boot too, thanks to such features as their suede/nylon mesh upper.
Pros:
Superior shock reduction
Suede/Nylon mesh/Canvas construction
Quick drying and excellent breathability
Durable Vibram sole
Excellent wet weather/AR 670-1 Compliant boot
These boots weigh approximately 1.7 lbs. each
Cons:

Need to treat them periodically or the suede and canvas will crack
Lacing them up takes some time

4-Belleville One Xero 320 Desert Tan Ultra-Light Assault Boot

Belleville One Xero 320 Desert Tan Ultra Light Assault Boot, Made in USAThere are few military boot manufacturers that are as popular as Belleville. That’s because they always do an exceptional job making combat boots that perform well and last a long time.

army boots - shahpar
These One Xero 320 combat boots are designed to be lightweight and comfortable. The cushioning polyurethane insert is also removable to allow them to dry faster. There is also polyurethane foam added to the midsole to help increase this military boots comfort level even more.
If you like high boots that offer lots of support then you will like these 8” mid-calf boots. They also a feature a very good Vibram sole that won’t break down easy and offers you great traction and stability as you move about. Their suede leather and nylon construction adds nicely to this boots toughness and looks.
Pros:
8” High, mid-calf boot
Suede leather/Nylon construction
Polyurethane midsole and insert for comfort
Tough Vibram sole
Berry compliant USA made boot
Each boot weighs approximately 1.2 lbs.
Cons:
Not waterproof
No built-in safety toe

5-Rocky Men’s 8 Inch Combat Boot

Rocky Men’s 8 Inch S2v Fq0000105 Work BootHere is a good looking boot model from Rocky Men’s that not only makes for a great army boot but also can be used as an excellent work boot too.

Each boot stands 8” high so they offer superior ankle support and that also helps keep groundwater, mud and other nuisance conditions from affecting your comfort as you wear these military boots.
The Rocky Men’s S2v Fq0000105 boot will also allow you to move in them more like you are wearing sneakers than protective boots.

army boots - shahpar

They are lightly padded in all the right places and offer those that wear them superior shock reduction ability too. The advanced dry-wicking technology built into them only adds to these well-designed boots comfort level.
One of the nicer features on these combat boots is their proprietary high wall sole. It elevates the main boot material enough that it protects it more against wetness and wear. The leather and textile construction makes these military boots a very durable boot option also.
Pros:
Good looking 8” high boot
Leather and Textile construction
Advanced dry-wicking technology
Proprietary synthetic high wall sole
Roll stop ankle stability technology
Each boot weighs approximately 2.4 lbs.
Cons:
Their design trades some weight for increased durability
Wide sizes not as wide as some buyers had hoped

6-Reebok Men’s Dauntless 8″ Side Zip Boot

Reebok Men’s Dauntless 8″ Lace-Up with Side Zip Work Boot Composite Toe – Rb8835We are not sure if Reebok set out to create a super-comfortable boot when they designed these 8” side zip boots but that’s exactly what came out of this design. Those that have purchased these military boots rave about how comfortable they are even after wearing them for the better part of a day.

Military Boots - shahpar
What makes them so comfortable? The list of features that help with that is a long one. Part of that has to do with their shock absorbing and stay dry moisture-wicking insert. They also have an antimicrobial mesh lining that keeps them smelling fresh and helps these boots feel better when on your feet.

The waterproof membrane that’s built into the Men’s Dauntless Army Boot also allows your feet to stay dry even in inclement weather.
The suede leather/ballistic nylon construction that this boots upper have makes it one tough boot to that also provides good support. When you factor in this military boot’s composite safety toe and non-slip dual density rubber sole it makes for a great all-around military boot.
Pros:
Shock absorbing/Moisture-wicking insert
Suede leather/Ballistic nylon construction
Composite safety toe
Waterproof membrane
Antimicrobial nylon mesh lining
These boot weighs approximately 1.7 lbs. each
Cons:
Those with wider feet may not like the toe box size
Tend to run a ½ size large

7-Altama Footwear Men’s 8″ Boot

Altama Footwear Men’s Foxhound SR 8″ BootHere is a boot company that has been satisfying military personnel since 1969. That means a lot of experience goes into the design of the combat boots they make. Perhaps that explains why these boots are so well-made and so popular.

Military Boots - shahpar
Why do many buyers think this military boot has superior design? Just take a look at the many different features that help make it durable and comfortable to wear. These include such things as its polymer speed lacing eyelets, slip-resistant carbon rubber outsole and its decorative and strong suede/nylon upper.
Your feet will stay comfortable and dry all day thanks to its antimicrobial moisture-wicking air mesh lining and its custom fit EVA insole with high performance cushioning.

It will almost feel like you are wearing sneakers when you have these high-performance combat boots on. Its composite toe box and heel make it a very safe shoe too.
Pros:
Polymer speed lacing eyelets
Suede Cordura® and 1000 Denier nylon upper
Custom fit EVA insole with high performance cushioning
Slip-resistant carbon rubber outsole
Antimicrobial moisture-wicking air mesh lining
Each individual boot is approximately 2 lbs.
Cons:
Slightly heavy at 2 lbs. each
Not a good cold weather boot choice

8-Oakley Men’s Light Assault Boots

Oakley Men’s Light Assault Boot 2 BootsThis famous sunglass company quite surprisingly makes a very good army boot too. The Oakley Men’s 8” Light Assault Boot was designed with strength, mobility and comfort in mind.

Military Boots - shahpar

These boots hug your feet and move naturally with you when you are wearing them.
Their lightweight and breathable Cordura® synthetic upper helps you move about unrestricted and helps keep your feet dry too. Both the heel of this AR670-1 compliant boot and the EVA midsole has nice shock absorbing capabilities too.
If you are on the battlefield you don’t want to have to stop your advance to pause and tie your boots; Oakley has got you covered here with their innovative lace locking system. The advanced rubber sole technology this military boot has will help prevent slipping and keep your foot stable as you move about.
Pros:
Advanced rubber sole technology
Cordura®/Synthetic upper
AR670-1 compliant boot
Shock-absorbing EVA midsole
Lace locking system
These boots weigh 1.2 lbs. each
Cons:
Slightly heavy at 2 lbs. each
Not a good cold weather boot choice

9-Danner Men’s USMC Rat Temperate Boot

Danner Men’s Usmc Rat Temperate Boot,Brown,3 RAre you a US Marine that’s interested in some durable, ultra-supportive and comfortable footwear?

Military Boots - shahpar

Then you may want to take a closer look at these US Marine Corp approved combat boots. They will hold up well for you under any weather conditions and will help you comfortably go across all types of terrain too.
These military boots were developed by Danner working side by side with Marine Corp personnel. There are many great features that were added to this boot design as a result of that collaboration.

Some of the outstanding features on these boots include a GORE-TEX waterproof/breathable membrane and a comfort-enhancing polyurethane coated/leather covered toe and heel.
Even the outsole technology on the USMC Rat Temperate Boot is of superior all-weather quality. Unlike some types of rubber boot soles, its Vibram 360 sole with Dri Ice™ technology maintains good traction even when the weather is extremely cold.
These boots are a little bit to the heavy side but most Marines are willing to trade that for their durability, foot protection, and all-weather comfort.
Pros:
Speed lacing eyelets
USMC-certified
GORE-TEX waterproof/breathable membrane
Polyurethane coated/leather covered toe and heel
Vibram 360 sole with Dri Ice™ technology
3 lbs. all-weather/all-terrain boot
Cons:
These are a heavy boot
Some will find them too warm for hot weather use

10-Magnum Men’s Elite Spider Boot

Magnum Men’s Elite Spider 8.0 BootMagnum is a reputable manufacturer that makes a lot of popular boots. This 8” high mid-calf military boot from them is no exception. It’s built to hold up well under extreme conditions and it’s also designed to enhance performance and comfort when you are wearing them.
The Magnum Men’s Elite Spider 8.0 Boot is loaded with comfort features. These include such things as its breathable aero-mesh lining that also has moisture-wicking properties.

army boots - shahpar

There is a removable sockliner too and several areas designed to cushion shocks as you are walking or running.
This combat boot also has a Vibram rubber sole that will give the user superior traction even in adverse conditions. Its suede and denier nylon uppers add to this boot’s durability and good looks.
Pros:
8” high mid-calf boot
High traction Vibram rubber sole
Suede and denier nylon uppers
Breathable aero-mesh/moisture-wicking lining
Contoured removable sockliner
Each boot weighs just less than 2 lbs.
Cons:
These are hard to get into without almost complete unlacing them
The padding in the upper is a bit much

How to Size and Fit Snow Boots?

Snow boots are a necessary addition to your footwear collection when it comes to braving the elements. Solid, robust and designed to keep your feet warm and dry with a super thick, cosy fleece lining, they’re an absolute life-saver during winter.

But how do you buy snow boots that you know are durable, going to fit well and look stylish? Sometimes buying snow boots can be confusing as they’re not your standard-style boot.

Here we take a look at how to choose the best snow boots for you, how they should be fitted and what to look out for when buying – among other frequently asked questions.

What size snow boots should I buy?

Choosing the right size of winter boots can be tricky business. You may be confused as to whether snow boots run big or small or tempted to go up a size larger to accommodate thick socks. However, this is unnecessary. Sticking to your everyday shoe size should be fine. Many winter boots are designed to just slip on because, more often than not, the sole of the boot and the boot upper are made from the same piece of hardened rubber. This ensures maximum waterproofing and protection against any hidden obstacles or debris. They’ll likely also have a neoprene, leather or waterproof textile collar too for added comfort. Because they slip on, show boots are generally made slightly larger than other types of footwear to allow you to get your foot in comfortably.

Is my boot size the same as my shoe size?

This very much depends on the style of snow boots you’re buying. winter boots are designed to be a wider, roomier fit to make room for the thick fleece lining and any socks that you may choose to wear. The idea that you should leave room to accommodate socks is totally unfounded when it comes to winter boots. Don’t be tempted to size up as too much movement of the boot can cause sores.

 

How to Size and Fit Snow Boots

How loose should my snow boots be?

Loose fitting winter boots are a big no-no. Due to the change in how you walk when wearing winter boots, oversized boots are a potential tripping hazard. Any added unsteadiness is definitely not needed when it comes to winter weather. A one-finger width gap down the heel of the shoe is the maximum wiggle room you should leave. The same rules apply for fitting kids’ winter boots, too.

Are snow boots true to size?

This will come down to the style of snow boots you choose. For example, zip-up winter boots can’t be secured to the foot as easily as Velcro fastening winter boots or lace ups. There’s also a slight difference between brands. If you’re ordering winter boots online, the best thing to do is try them on with the socks you intend to wear the boots with. This will give you a better idea of how they fit and if they suit the shape of your foot.

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Fashion boots

Fashion boot

fashion boots is a boot worn for reasons of style or fashion (rather than for utilitarian purposes – e.g. not hiking boots, riding boots, rain boots, etc.). The term is usually applied to women’s boots. Fashion boots come in a wide variety of styles, from ankle to thigh-length, and are used for casual, formal, and business attire. Although boots were a popular style of women’s footwear in the Nineteenth Century, they were not recognized as a high fashion item until the 1960s. They became widely popular in the 1970s and have remained a staple of women’s winter wardrobes since then.

 

History of fashion boots

Pre-1960s

In the 19th and early 20th Centuries, ankle and calf-length boots were common footwear for women. Rising hemlines made longer styles of boots popular. In 1913, Denise Poiret, the wife of celebrated French couturier Paul Poiret, caused a sensation in Paris and New York by wearing knee-length boots in wrinkled Morocco leather. Designed by her husband, made by the bottier Favereau, and styled with a low heel and a square toe, she had versions in red, white, green, and yellow. By 1915 The New York Times was reporting that, inspired by Mme Poiret, women had adopted these “Russian boots” as an acceptable alternative to baring ankles and calves. By the 1920s Russian boots were available in a variety of styles, calf- or knee-length, with a Cuban or Louis heel, which could be pull-on, or zip-fastened for a closer fit. Worn with knee-length skirts, they often featured decorative features such as elaborate stitching or fur trims.

Fashion boot

Russian boots were popular during the 1920s and the emergence of these tall boots for women was interpreted by some contemporary writers as a consequence of women’s transition from the “leisure class” to the world of business. But as their popularity grew, concerns over quality meant that where protection from the elements was needed, Russian boots were increasingly replaced by fashionable variants of the rubber Wellington boot. As roads were surfaced and horse-drawn transport gave way to the motor engine, the additional protection provided by boots was no longer needed. Boots were seen as restrictive and uncomfortable when compared with the new styles of fashionable shoe that complimented a more streamlined and simplified look for women’s clothing. Although they were still popular as late as the beginning of the 1930s, within a few years Russian boots had fallen out of favor.

1960s

American designer Beth Levine is widely credited as the first person to introduce boots into Haute Couture.As early as 1953, Beth Levine introduced under the Herbert Levine label a calf-length boot in white kidskin, which sold poorly. Most retailers saw boots as a separate category of footwear from shoes, to be worn for protection from bad weather or for work. By contrast, Levine argued that boots were shoes and could be an integral part of a woman’s outfit. In 1957, Herbert Levine produced an entire collection of based around fashion boots, and despite widespread skepticism on the part of other designers and manufacturers, calf-high, kitten-heeled fashion boots for women began to grow in popularity in the late 1950s and early 1960s. In 1962 Balenciaga’s fall collection featured a tall boot by Mancini that just covered the knee; the following year Yves Saint Laurent’s couture collection included thigh-length alligator skin boots by designer Roger Vivier and Vogue was able to announce that boots of all lengths were the look of the moment. The re-emergence of boots as a fashion item in the 1960s has been interpreted as an antidote to the femininity of Dior’s post war “New Look”.

Rising hemlines and the availability of new, brightly colored artificial materials such as PVC, combined to make boots an attractive fashion option for younger women. In 1965 André Courrèges released the first of his iconic white leather calf-length boots and designers such as Mary Quant, who launched her own “Quant Afoot” line of footwear in 1967, produced inexpensive, machine-molded plastic boots in a variety of different colors to be worn in tandem with miniskirts. The rising price of leather during the 1960s made these plastic and vinyl boots a popular alternative to more traditional footwear. As skirts became even shorter in the late 1960s, there was a resurgence of interest in thigh-length boots or cuissardes. Pierre Cardin featured shiny black PVC thighboots as part of his futuristic 1968 couture collection and Beth Levine designed seamless, stretch vinyl and nylon stocking boots tall enough to do double duty as hosiery. The tallest boots from this period were so high that they were equipped with suspenders to hold them up. High laced boots, similar to those worn in Edwardian times, were also popular.

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History of Boots

In this article from shahpar we discuss about History of Boots.

boot, plural boots, is a type of specific footwear. Most boots mainly cover the foot and the ankle, while some also cover some part of the lower calf. Some boots extend up the leg, sometimes as far as the knee or even the hip. Most boots have a heel that is clearly distinguishable from the rest of the sole, even if the two are made of one piece. Traditionally made of leather or rubber, modern boots are made from a variety of materials. Boots are worn both for their functionality – protecting the foot and leg from water, extreme cold, mud or hazards (e.g., work boots may protect wearers from chemicals or use a steel toe) or providing additional ankle support for strenuous activities with added traction requirements (e.g., hiking), or may have hobnails on their undersides to protect against wear and to get better grip; and for reasons of style and fashion.

In some cases, the wearing of boots may be required by laws or regulations, such as the regulations in some jurisdictions requiring workers on construction sites to wear steel-toed safety boots. Some uniforms include boots as the regulated footwear. Boots are recommended as well for motorcycle riders. High-top athletic shoes are generally not considered boots, even though they do cover the ankle, primarily due to the absence of a distinct heel. In Britain, the term may be used to refer to football (soccer) cleats.

 

History of Boots

 

History of Boots

 

Early boots consisted of separate leggings, soles, and uppers worn together to provide greater ankle protection than shoes or sandals. Around 1000 BC, these components were more permanently joined to form a single unit that covered the feet and lower leg, often up to the knee. A type of soft leather ankle boots were worn by nomads in eastern Asia and carried to China to India and Russia around AD 1200 to 1500 by Mongol invaders. The Inuit and Aleut natives of Alaska developed traditional winter boots of caribou skin or sealskin featuring decorative touches of seal intestine, dog hair and suchlike. The early Dutch Masters were the first to define the boot in European iconography, in spite of the fact that the Chinese had been using footwear that the average Frenchman or Portuguese sailor of the day would have recognized as a boot for centuries at that time. Most historians agree, though, that the first codified definition of the boot was entered into law by Royal decree during the Hundred Years’ War, when the Duke of Wales wrote, “that sturdy, stiff shyue off a type ne’er seent heretofore wi’ high scuppers and ye nailes on the souyle.” Sporadic wars were fought among city states during this time as the Protestants rejected that definition, but history vindicated the Duke eventually, and the Roche family of Nantucket actually rose to prominence more as a result of their trade in these boots in the colonies than from their whaling endeavors. European boots were influenced by military styles, featuring thick soles and turnover tops that were originally designed to protect horse mounted soldiers. In the 1700s, distinctive, thigh-high boots worn by Hessian soldiers fighting in the American Revolutionary War influenced the development of the iconic heeled cowboy boots worn by cattlemen in the American west.